Paradigm Shift in Urban Mobility - Towards Factor 10 of Automobility

Paradigm Shift in Urban Mobility - Towards Factor 10 of Automobility

 

 

 

von: Tomasz Janasz

Springer Gabler, 2017

ISBN: 9783658204600

Sprache: Englisch

360 Seiten, Download: 10489 KB

 
Format:  PDF

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Paradigm Shift in Urban Mobility - Towards Factor 10 of Automobility



  Foreword 6  
  Foreword 8  
  Acknowledgments 10  
  Abstract 12  
  Table of Contents 13  
  PREFACE Introduction to the Dissertation 28  
     1 Sustainable Development 28  
        1.1 Current State of Affairs 28  
           1.1.1 Green Economy 28  
           1.1.2 Substantial Change 29  
           1.1.3 Sustainability as a Regulative Idea 30  
        1.2 The Great Transformation 31  
        1.3 Transformative Literacy 32  
     2 Object of Investigation: Automobility 35  
        2.1 Problem Statement 35  
        2.2 The Concept of Factor Ten 39  
        2.3 Transformative Literacy for the Paradigm Shift in Urban Mobility 39  
        2.4 Limitations 43  
  PART I Factor 10 of Automobility: Undiscovered Potentials 45  
     3 Part I: Introduction 45  
     4 Towards a New Concept of Car Efficiency 45  
        4.1 Resource Management 45  
        4.2 Extending the Understanding of Car Efficiency 48  
        4.3 Redefining the Notion of Car Efficiency 49  
     5 Concepts for Shifting the Efficiency of Car Usage 51  
        5.1 Carsharing: What is it? 51  
        5.2 Ridesharing: What is it? 53  
     6 Efficiency Potentials of Automobility 54  
        6.1 Calculation Model for Efficiency Potentials 54  
           6.1.1 Fundamental Terminology 54  
           6.1.2 Carsharing: Calculation for timely synchronized rides 55  
           6.1.3 Ridesharing: Calculation for higher occupancy level of a car 56  
        6.2 Hypothetical Efficiency Calculations for Car- and Ridesharing 56  
           6.2.1 Leisure Traffic in Switzerland 58  
              6.2.1.1 Carsharing: Efficiency Potentials 60  
              6.2.1.2 Ridesharing: Efficiency Potentials 61  
              6.2.1.3 CIPS: Calculation with Real Data 62  
           6.2.2 Work Traffic in Switzerland 64  
              6.2.2.1 Ridesharing: Efficiency Potentials 66  
              6.2.2.2 CIPS: Calculation with Real Data 67  
        6.3 Conclusions 69  
        6.4 Limitations 70  
     7 On the Way to Factor 10 of Automobility 72  
        7.1 Shared Autonomous Vehicles: What is it? 72  
        7.2 Efficiency Potentials 73  
           7.2.1 Literature 73  
           7.2.2 Shared Mobility Concepts and Autonomous Vehicles 75  
           7.2.3 Case Studies 76  
        7.3 Analysis and Limitations 83  
           7.3.1 Quality of Service 83  
           7.3.2 Average Vehicle Occupancy 84  
           7.3.3 Implications on Total Distance and Empty-Vehicle-Performance 84  
           7.3.4 Reduction in Parking Infrastructure 85  
           7.3.5 Environmental Impacts with regard to GHG Emissions and Energy Use 86  
           7.3.6 Costs of the System 87  
           7.3.7 Further limitations 90  
        7.4 Next Steps for Further Research 90  
  PART II Digital Technologies and Business Model Innovations for Urban Mobility 92  
     8 Part II: Introduction 92  
        8.1 Objectives 92  
        8.2 Research Design and Methodology in Part II 93  
     9 Literature Review 96  
        9.1 Literature Review Strategy 96  
           9.1.1 Areas of Interest 96  
           9.1.2 Research Domains and Limitations 97  
           9.1.3 Strategy for the Literature Review 98  
              9.1.3.1 Literature Review via a Database 98  
              9.1.3.2 Literature Review on Future-Oriented Urban Mobility 102  
        9.2 Initial Literature Discussion 103  
     10 Results of the Literature Review 106  
        10.1 Mobility Value Chain 106  
        10.2 Mobility Innovation Elements 108  
           10.2.1 Automobile Innovation 110  
           10.2.2 Mobility Services 111  
           10.2.3 Mobility Infrastructure 113  
           10.2.4 Mobility Information 113  
        10.3 Digital Technology Developments for Application in Urban Mobility 116  
           10.3.1 Introduction 116  
           10.3.2 Digital technology: What is it? 117  
              10.3.2.1 Perception Technologies 119  
              10.3.2.2 Network Technologies 123  
              10.3.2.3 Support/Infrastructure Technologies 125  
              10.3.2.4 Application Interfaces 129  
              10.3.2.5 Security and Privacy 130  
        10.4 Actors of Urban Mobility 131  
        10.5 Business Models for Urban Mobility 135  
           10.5.1 Initial Considerations 135  
           10.5.2 Outcomes from the Literature Review 137  
           10.5.3 Business Model Archetypes for Urban Mobility 138  
     11 Innovating and Developing Business Models for Urban Mobility 141  
        11.1 Introduction 141  
        11.2 Business Model Innovation 141  
        11.3 Developing a Business Model Framework 141  
        11.4 Business Model Patterns 145  
     12 Typology of Digital Business Models for Emerging Shared Auto-mobility Services 149  
        12.1 Introduction 149  
           12.1.1 Focus area 149  
           12.1.2 Research Methodology 150  
        12.2 Prototype 1: Digital Carsharing 150  
           12.2.1 Carsharing: Business Concepts 150  
           12.2.2 Case Study: smexx GmbH 152  
              12.2.2.1 Introduction to smexx GmbH 152  
              12.2.2.2 Possible Use Cases 154  
              12.2.2.3 Business Model Analysis 157  
              12.2.2.4 Business Model Patterns 165  
              12.2.2.5 Business Model Innovation 166  
           12.2.3 Proposition: Digital Carsharing 168  
        12.3 Prototype 2: Digital Ridesharing 169  
           12.3.1 Ridesharing: Business Concepts 169  
           12.3.2 Case Study: TwoGo® by SAP 173  
              12.3.2.1 Introduction to TwoGo by SAP 173  
              12.3.2.2 Possible Use Cases 176  
              12.3.2.3 Business Model Analysis 180  
              12.3.2.4 Business Model Patterns 191  
              12.3.2.5 Business Model Innovation 192  
           12.3.3 Proposition: Digital Ridesharing 194  
        12.4 Further Prototypes 195  
           12.4.1 Prototype 3: Automobility on Demand 196  
           12.4.2 Prototype 4: Autonomous Vehicles 200  
           12.4.3 Prototype 5: Shared Autonomous Automobility Services 203  
           12.4.4 Prototype 6: Internet of Mobility 206  
        12.5 [Excursus] The Smart Ways Project 214  
        12.6 Conclusions 217  
  PART III Overcoming Automobility Dependence: Policy Interventions 220  
     13 Part III: Introduction 220  
     14 Policies for Sustainable Mobility 221  
        14.1 Introduction 221  
        14.2 Push Policies 223  
           14.2.1 Economics of Transport Externalities 223  
           14.2.2 Command-and-Control Policies 227  
           14.2.3 Incentive-Based Policies 229  
        14.3 Pull Policies 231  
           14.3.1 Integration of Public Transport 231  
           14.3.2 Walking and Cycling 233  
           14.3.3 Innovative Alternatives and Soft Policies 235  
           14.3.4 Smart Policies 238  
        14.4 Physical Policies 240  
           14.4.1 City Design 241  
           14.4.2 Car Parking Provision 243  
           14.4.3 Accessibility 243  
           14.4.4 Mixed-use Development 244  
           14.4.5 Planning Regulations 245  
     15 Sustainable Mobility in the Context of Consistency in Transport Policy 246  
        15.1 Policy Combination and Integration 246  
        15.2 Policy Consistency 247  
  PART IV Transformative Literacy: Case Study City of Basel 252  
     16 Part IV: Introduction 252  
        16.1 Objectives 252  
        16.2 Why City of Basel? 253  
        16.3 Research Design, Methodology and Methods in Part IV 254  
     17 Case Study - City of Basel 257  
        17.1 Introduction 257  
        17.2 City of Basel 259  
        17.3 Transport Policy in Basel until 2010 261  
           17.3.1 Brief history of the Mobility in Basel 261  
           17.3.2 Policy Objectives until 2010 263  
              17.3.2.1 Parking Policy 263  
              17.3.2.2 Cycling Policy 264  
              17.3.2.3 Tram Policy 264  
           17.3.3 Interim Conclusions as of 2010 266  
        17.4 Mobility Strategy for the Future since 2010 266  
           17.4.1 City Initiative 266  
           17.4.2 Template for the City of Basel 267  
           17.4.3 Towards the New Vision of Transport Policy in Basel 269  
              17.4.3.1 Cantonal Office of Mobility 269  
              17.4.3.2 Definition of Transport Policy Objectives and Strategic Priorities 272  
           17.4.4 Integrated Policy-Making for Sustainable Mobility39 274  
              17.4.4.1 Conflicts and Trade-Offs 274  
              17.4.4.2 Ensuring Coordination and Integration 275  
              17.4.4.3 Stiig-Um 280  
              17.4.4.4 Strategic Action Plan 281  
              17.4.5 Monitoring, Controlling and Communication 282  
        17.5 Lighthouse Cases: Future of Mobility in Basel 283  
           17.5.1 Road Traffic: Case - Urban Traffic Management System 283  
           17.5.2 Parking Space: Case - Parking Regime 286  
           17.5.3 Walking and Cycling: Case - Commuter Fund 287  
           17.5.4 Public Transport: Case - Herzstück 288  
           17.5.5 Freight Transport: Case - Concept of Urban Freight Transport 289  
           17.5.6 Public Road Space: Case - Concept 30 km/h Zones 290  
           17.5.7 Mobility Management: Case - Basel on the Way 291  
           17.5.8 Mobility Pricing 292  
     18 Transformative Literacy for the Transition towards the Paradigm of Sustainable Mobility 294  
        18.1 Preliminary Considerations 294  
           18.1.1 Introduction 294  
           18.1.2 Understanding Critical Influencing Factors 294  
           18.1.3 Summary of Previous Research Results 296  
           18.1.4 Conclusions for Further Investigation 298  
        18.2 Transformative Literacy: Analysis of the Case - City of Basel 300  
           18.2.1 Remarks regarding the analysis 300  
           18.2.2 Technology 301  
           18.2.3 Economy 303  
           18.2.4 Society 309  
           18.2.5 Politics 315  
        18.3 Summary of the Case Study - City of Basel 320  
           18.3.1 Recommendations from the Case Study 320  
           18.3.2 Final Conclusions 322  
     19 Framework for Integrated Sustainable Urban Mobility 326  
        19.1 Towards an Integrated Framework of Sustainable Mobility 326  
        19.2 Framework Development 326  
           19.2.1 The Concept of Efficiency in Mobility 327  
           19.2.2 The Concept of Sufficiency in Mobility 328  
           19.2.3 The Concept of Consistency in Mobility 330  
              19.2.3.1 Background 330  
              19.2.3.2 Developing of Consistency in Mobility 332  
              19.2.3.3 The Concept of Consistency in Sustainable Mobility 335  
        19.3 Framework for Integrated Sustainable Urban Mobility 338  
        19.4 Summary 340  
  PART V Conclusions and Further Research 342  
     20 Summary of the Dissertation 342  
     21 Conclusions 344  
     22 Further Research 351  
  Publication Bibliography 355  

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